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Passive heatsink for Pi4

January 12, 2021 — BarryK

As reported recently, I bought a plastic case with fan for my new Pi4:

https://bkhome.org/news/202101/raspberry-pi-4-first-impressions.html

Which is fine, it runs very cool, but I would rather not have the noise.

Right now. the Pi4 is compiling SeaMonkey, with "make -J2", and the tray temperature applet is showing 45 degC. Even though it is mid-summer here, ambient temperature today is very low, I would guess about 20 degC.

However, there is a passive heatsink that does a pretty good job, as this guy on YouTube has reported:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zF6vyZlw0Bc

It has an opening for the wifi signal, but how well that works remains to be seen.

Anyway, ordered one off eBay:

https://www.ebay.com.au/itm/for-Raspberry-Pi-4-Model-B-Aluminum-Case-Passive-Cooling-Aluminum-Alloy-Pr-E8O6/392817825693

img1

These are available locally, from Altronics and others, but at twice the price. I don't mind waiting while it comes from China. 

Tags: tech

Raspberry Pi 4 first impressions

January 04, 2021 — BarryK

Yesterday posted a proposed purchase-list of Raspberry Pi4 and support items:

https://bkhome.org/news/202101/oe-compile-for-raspberry-pi-4.html

Today bought them. I mentioned yesterday that had ordered a barrel-socket to USB Type-C plug adapter from China, so that I can use my 5V @ 6A power supply with the Pi4:

https://bkhome.org/news/202101/ordered-usb-type-c-to-55x21mm-adapter.html

But today bought the official 5V @ 3A supply, so as to get up and running straight away. Surprised how small it is, wonder if it can really deliver 3A.

This post is just a quick report on setting up the Pi. I thought that it would just be a few minutes, plug everything together and power-on, however, took a bit longer...

That laminated acrylic case was a bit of a headache, quite poorly designed. Here is an end-on photo, note the bend of the top laminate:

img1

The phone wide-angle lens does distort images a bit, but apart from that, there is a definite curve on the top laminate. This is due to the USB sockets being higher than the ethernet socket. Also along the bottom, the USB sockets are not in a straight line with the bottom of the ethernet socket.

I am wondering if the board layout changed a bit since the case was designed. Anyway, I fixed it with a bit of surgery on the clear layer on the bottom of the USB and ethernet sockets. Used a file so that the ethernet socket can sit a bit lower:

img2

...actually, filed it a bit more after taking that photo, almost halfway through. Also chamfered the front edge -- notice that the USB sockets have a little lip on top and bottom -- the top lips were able to sit just on the outside, however, the bottom lips needed the chamfer.

Due to this messing around, cannot recommend this case.

Another thing that I did not like, and I know that this is just aesthetics, but didn't like the power plug for the fan sticking up out of the case. Just now reminded of my Hardkernel ARM board, that has dedicated socket for the fan power, and also mounting holes on the board for the fan, and spring-loaded screws to attach the fan -- so professional.

Photo shows the "aesthetically unpleasing" wiring for the fan:

img3

Plugged everything together, works great, snappy performance running Raspberry Pi OS (Raspian):

img4

The fan is a little bit noisy. As it sits only a few millimetres above the chips, there is no room for heatsinks, but that closeness does ensure good airflow over the chips.

I would like to thank Michael, David, Paul, Feodor and Sage, for hardware suggestions.

Just for the record, the Hardkernel board that I was referring to is this one, that I bought in 2016:

https://bkhome.org/news/201609/bought-the-odroid-xu4.html

...pity it is only a 32-bit CPU.    

Tags: tech

Ordered USB Type-C to 5.5x2.1mm adapter

January 04, 2021 — BarryK

I have posted about possibly buying a rpi4:

https://bkhome.org/news/202101/oe-compile-for-raspberry-pi-4.html

I own a 5V at 6A power supply with a 5.5x2.1mm male plug. Also, a short 5.5x2.1mm female barrel socket to micro-USB male plug, that I used to power my rpi3.

Problem is, the rpi4 has USB type-C power input. Hunted online, could not find an adapter in Australia. Started with the local stores, Jaycar and Altronics, no joy, then searched online.

Eventually ordered from China:

https://www.ebay.com.au/itm/402153703702

img1

...expected delivery by end of month. 

Tags: tech

The PinePhone continues to evolve

December 25, 2020 — BarryK

I have been watching this project with interest, also Purism's Librem 5 phone, and have posted about them a few times, for example:

https://bkhome.org/news/201902/pinephone-development-kit.html

https://bkhome.org/news/201910/librem-5-and-pinephone-assembly.html

https://bkhome.org/news/201911/librem-5-hardware-evaluation.html

...that last link is a rather harsh evaluation by a hardware engineer, and it has proved to be true that the Librem 5 has struggled with battery life.

Manufacturers put a huge effort into extending battery life, and my Huawei phone is  a prime example. Even after all-day usage, it still has 70-80% charge left, and if just idle will last for -- well I don't know, probably weeks.

The PinePhone has enormous advantages for me, very cheap, and the modem has frequencies supported by the telcos in Australia.

A third advantage is the popularity of the PinePhone and the development going on in multiple fronts. See this blog post for recent development highlights:

https://www.pine64.org/2020/12/15/december-update-the-longest-one-yet/

...two items in that blog post stand out for me. Improvements to the modem power consumption, and the enthusiastic take-up of the i2c interface on the back of the phone.

Phones have the modem builtin to the SoC, and the Librem 5 and Pinephone separate modem, done for security reasons, has made reduction of power consumption a major challenge. So, the breakthrough with the PinePhone modem is very good news. Though, that new modem firmware might not be in shipped phones for awhile.

There is no other phone that I know of, that has an interface in the back, for adding custom devices. The i2c interface in the PinePhone has proved to be very popular and some great products are coming out.

Then there's the docking station. The phone is designed from scratch to work with the docking station, and this has always been one of the dreams of "convergence" -- have a docking station at home, with USB keyboard and mouse connected, and TV or monitor, plug in the phone, and you have a regular Linux-based PC.

So, you might have picked up from my positive statements that I like the PinePhone. Yeah, it is on the cards that I will buy one, but might wait until mid-2021 or thereabouts, to get the more refined iteration of the hardware design and more fully-functional software.  

Tags: tech

Googled has tightened restrictions for login

October 21, 2020 — BarryK

I discovered this a couple of days ago, went to login to my Gmail account, and got a message that my browser does not have javascript enabled or is an incompatible browser.

This is on my laptop, which has SeaMonkey 2.53.3. I just checked, The latest EasyOS has SM 2.53.4, and can login to Gmail OK.

What I did with SM 2.53.3, is go to "about:config" then search for "useragent", then there is this parameter:

general.useragent.compatMode.strict-firefox

Which is set to "false". Right-click on it and choose "toggle", so it then becomes "true". Then login to Google works.

I think that it is really dumb that some companies will bar a browser based on the user agent string, given how easy it is to change it.

You can check your browser user agent string here:

https://www.whatismybrowser.com/detect/what-is-my-user-agent

Running 2.53.4 right now, and without the above parameter toggled to "true", this is what I get:

Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60.0 SeaMonkey/2.53.4

If I were to toggle that parameter to true, the user agent is the same except doesn't have the "SeaMonkey/2.53.4" on the end.

I am wondering whether I should set that parameter as "true" by default? It is simply an entry in /root/.mozilla/*/prefs.js:

user_pref("general.useragent.compatMode.strict-firefox", true);

If anyone reports this login problem with latest SM, then will do.

EDIT 2020-10-22:
How about that, yesterday was able to login to Google with my 2.53.4 SM, this morning can't. Setting "strict-firefox"  user agent has fixed it, so that will be the default for next release of EasyOS.
 

Tags: tech

How to boot Win10 from a USB stick

June 08, 2020 — BarryK

Over the years, I have not had good experiences with Windows 10. There were a couple of posts to the "ethos" tag in this blog:

https://bkhome.org/news/201903/microsoft-fails-on-new-laptop.html

A few days ago, I accidentally wiped the Windows 10 installation on my Lenovo desktop PC, purchased early 2020. Here are some posts:

https://bkhome.org/news/202003/documentation-for-lenovo-ideacentre-510s-07icb.html

I was developing EasyDD, and accidentally wrote a EasyOS image file to the NVME drive, destroying the Win10 installation, as reported here:

https://bkhome.org/news/202006/enhancements-for-easydd-script.html

The NVME drive had four partitions. partition-1 was the fat32 esp boot partition, partition-2 was only 16MB don't know what for, partition-3 is the actual installation (ntfs C: drive), and partition-4 was a ntfs 1GB "recovery drive".

Writing the 1.3GB image file to the NVME drive destroyed the GPT (GUID Partition Table) and the first three partitions. However, partition-4 was still intact, and I thought that I could use it to reinstall Win10.

There is a secondary, backup, GPT at the end of the drive, so running "gdisk nvme0n1" I was able to use the secondary GPT and restore the first GPT.

But no way could I figure out how to use partition-4 to recover Windows!!!

I downloaded Win10 ISO from an official Microsoft website ...and then the fun and games started.

The ISO is about 5GB, too big for a 4.7GB DVD. After some searching, the only solution is to use a double-layer DVD. There was lots of advice, including on official MS sites, to write the ISO to a USB-stick.

Boot the ISO from a USB-stick, reasonable yes? No!!! I tried and tried, googled, heaps of other frustrated people reported the same problem, it won't boot. After some hours, I discovered that MS has used the udf filesystem for the ISO, which the UEFI-firmware on my desktop PC doesn't recognise. And, it seems, same situation for everyone else.

Why use udf, why not iso9660? There is a file, "install.wim", that is 4.2GB, however, iso9660 only supports files up to 4GB. hence, one or two years ago, MS changed to udf. Note, fat32 also has the 4GB file-size limitation.

Can't boot from a USB-stick, that is bad news. What to do?

Well, we can make a Win10 bootable USB-stick, with some ingenuity. What I did was use a EasyOS USB-stick, and gutted it.

EasyOS on a USB flash drive has two partitions, a 640MB fat32 esp boot partition, with reFind boot manager, and a second ext4 partition that fills the drive.

I reformatted the second partition as ntfs, and copied the contents of the ISO file to it. Like this, where sdb2 is the mounted USB-stick second partition:

# mkdir mntpt
# mount -t ntfs /dev/sdb2 /mnt/sdb2 (or in Easy just click on the partition)
# mount -t udf Win10_2004_EnglishInternational_x64.iso mntpt
# cp -a mntpt/* /mnt/sdb2/
# sync
# umount mntpt
# umount /mnt/sdb2 (or in Easy just click the close-box)

In the first partition, I deleted everything except the "EFI" folder, and in /mnt/sdb1/EFI/BOOT/drivers, deleted 'ext4_x64.efi' and copied /usr/share/refind/drivers_x64/ntfs_x64.efi to /mnt/sdb1/EFI/BOOT/drivers (you will need reFind package installed).

/mnt/sdb1/EFI/BOOT only needs 'BOOTX64.EFI' and 'refind.conf', and I edited the latter to only have this:

timeout 10
textonly on
textmode 0
scanfor manual
menuentry "Windows 10 USB" {
volume usbwin10ntfs
loader \efi\boot\bootx64.efi
}

Where "usbwin10ntfs" is the label that I assigned to the second partition:

# blkid /dev/sdb2
/dev/sdb2: LABEL="usbwin10ntfs" UUID="47360BD96837F0BC" TYPE="ntfs"

...I used Gparted to set that label, but whatever it was before would be OK, no need to change it.

Rebooted the PC, holding down the <F12> key to get the UEFI boot menu, and there was the USB-stick, and was able to boot Win10. However, no way could I find out how to use that partition-4 to perform a recovery, had to do a fresh install to partition-3. The install wrote appropriate stuff into the partition-1 fat32 boot partition also.

I was able to jump through these hoops in Linux, but Windows users, well, maybe their only solution is to use a double-layer DVD, and reinstall Win10.   

Tags: tech

Documentation for Lenovo Ideacentre 510S 07ICB

March 22, 2020 — BarryK

GCMartin expressed interest in this PC. He asked for the Blowfish speed test result in HardInfo, and I reported "1.83", which he responded is very good.

For anyone who might be interested, all documentation is online. The PC only comes with a tiny piece of paper with getting started instructions. The PDFs are here:

https://pcsupport.lenovo.com/au/en/products/desktops-and-all-in-ones/500-series/510s-07icb/documentation/doc_userguide 

Here are earlier reports on this PC:

https://bkhome.org/news/202003/multi-booting-buster-pyro-and-windows-on-new-pc.html

https://bkhome.org/news/202003/how-many-cores-does-an-intel-i3-cpu-have.html

https://bkhome.org/news/202003/mke2fs-created-wrong-block-size.html 

Tags: tech